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What are the three stages of the SPAC lifecycle

Special Purpose Acquisition Companies (SPACs) have become a popular trend in the financial scene, offering an alternative path for private companies to go public. 

The intricate nature of SPAC transactions, however, introduces complexities and challenges. In this article, we will explore the three distinct stages of the SPAC lifecycle, elaborating on each phase and the critical aspects associated with them.

1. SPAC Offering: The Start

The initiation of a SPAC commences with its Initial Public Offering (IPO), enlisting vital participants such as the SPAC sponsor, underwriters, and initial investors. 


The sponsor contributes seed capital, diverging from traditional procedures, as no operating company is initially involved. Instead, investors acquire units comprising a SPAC share and a warrant. 


A redemption option at $10 per share, along with funds being placed in a trust, ensures financial accountability. Post-offering, founder shares equate to 20% of the SPAC’s capital, paving the way for subsequent phases. 

This unique IPO structure lays the foundation for the SPAC journey, creating a distinctive financial scene and shaping the trajectory of the company throughout its lifecycle.

2. Search for a De-SPACing Transaction: Merger

spac singapore

Following a successful IPO, the SPAC enters the Target Acquisition phase. 


At this juncture, the SPAC’s management team, typically comprising experienced executives or those associated with the accounting firm in Singapore, actively pursues potential private companies for a merger.


Extensive due diligence becomes the cornerstone, involving comprehensive evaluations of financials, operational performance, market potential, and scalability of potential targets. 


Leveraging industry expertise or partnering with the accounting firm, the SPAC performs meticulous scrutiny to identify a suitable company for merger, ensuring compatibility and growth prospects align with the SPAC’s objectives.


Once a promising target emerges, negotiations commence. This phase often involves additional funding via Private Investment in Public Equity (PIPE) or private investments. 


The proposed merger undergoes scrutiny by shareholders who hold the power to approve or reject the merger. If sanctioned, the target entity merges with the SPAC, bypassing the traditional IPO process and transitioning into a publicly traded entity.

3. De-SPAC: Transformation into a Publicly Traded Entity

The De-SPAC stage marks the final phase of the SPAC lifecycle. Upon successful shareholder approval, the merger between the SPAC and the target company is executed. 


This process pushes the formerly private entity into the public sphere, with shares now listed on stock exchanges, granting public access to the new entity’s shares.


Post-merger, the combined entity commences trading under the SPAC’s name or rebrands under the acquired company’s identity. 

This phase witnesses the new entity’s financial performance and market reception, validating the investors’ trust and expectations. The success or challenges faced during this phase determine the effectiveness of the SPAC’s strategy and the credibility of its management.

Integrating Risk Management: Insights from Accounting Firms in Singapore

Running parallel to the SPAC journey, effective risk management takes center stage. Accounting firms in Singapore play an important role by providing strategic insights, especially in the domain of Directors and Officers (D&O) insurance. 


In a situation marked by complexity and regulatory nuances, their expertise becomes instrumental. The involvement of accounting firms ensures a comprehensive approach to mitigate risks associated with the dynamic SPAC environment. 


Directors and Officers Insurance, an important component in safeguarding personal assets, is overcome with precision, aligning with the strategic guidance offered by these accounting experts in Singapore.



As we conclude our exploration of the SPAC lifecycle, it is evident that a holistic approach is necessary. From the initial offering to the potential dissolution, each stage demands strategic planning, risk management, and financial acumen. 


SPACs going through these phases can benefit significantly from the expertise of accounting firms in Singapore, ensuring a well-managed and successful journey in SPACs.

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